Table 2 : Associated anatomical abnormalities in Ebstein anomaly patients.


  • Varying degrees of tricuspid regurgitation
  • Atrial level communication (patent foramen ovale or atrial septal defect)
  • Ventricular septal defect
  • Tricuspid stenosis
  • Right ventricular outflow tract obstruction
  • Mitral valve prolapse
  • Bicuspid aortic valve
  • Left ventricular abnormalities:Noncompaction cardiomyopathy, systolic and diastolic dysfunction
  • Partially anomalous pulmonary venous drainage
  • Congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries (ccTGA)

Stergiopoulos et al.Cardiovascular System  2015 3:7DOI : 10.7243/2052-4358-3-7