2. Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada.
3. Biomedical Engineering Graduate Program, Faculty of Applied Science, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada.
In this review, the anatomy and structure of the aortic valve and its prostheses are comprehensively discussed. Cardiac anatomy and function, human heart valves and their prostheses are also extensively discussed. The current status of prosthetic heart valves along with the next generation of these devices is broadly deliberated. Ather promising options such astranscatheter technologies (percutaneous valves), minimally invasive techniques, and the construction of prosthetic valves using tissue engineering as futureristic areas of research are brought into conclusion.
Keywords: Aortic Valve, Prosthetic Valve, Mechanical Heart Valves, Bioprostheic Valves, Hydrogel Biomaterials, Surgical Tools