Table 1 : Baseline demographics and technical details to ultrasound guided regional anaesthesia.


Affected body region Nerval structures Needle Punction
technique
No. of blocks ml local anaesthetic
Mean±St.Dev
Median age Yrs (IQR)

Forehead Supraorbital nerve Short SAX/OOP 1 (0.3%) 4±0 33.6 (33.6; 33.6)
Ear Great auricular nerve Short SAX/IP 2 (0.6%) 3.5±0.5 41.4 (40.2; 42.7)
Shoulder and upper arm Interscalenic brachial plexus Short SAX/OOP 77 (23.9%) 10.3±2.1 65.3 (53.6; 81.2)
Shoulder - rotator cuff Suprascapular nerve Short SAX/OOP 20 (6.2%) 9.3±1.7 48.3 (37.4; 55.3)
Ellbow and forearm Supraclavicular or axillar plexus Long/short SAX/IP or OOP 90 (28%) 20.5±3.9 59.4 (41.8; 75.7)
Hand Ulnar, median, radial n. at the forearm Short SAX/OOP 18 (5.6%) 10±2.1 43.6 (33.4; 50.9)
Hip and knee Femoral nerve and obturator nerve Long/short SAX/IP 72 (22.4%) 22.1±5.2 84.5 (71.3; 88.8)
Lateral thigh Lat. fem. cut. nerve Short SAX/OOP 1 (0.3%) 4±0 74.4 (74.4; 74.4)
Ankle and foot Sciatic nerve Long SAX/IP 28 (8.7%) 22.6±4.9 50.1 (32.9; 68.5)
Intercostal Thoracal paravertebral Long LA/IP 9 (2.8%) 9.1±0.6 59.3 (50.8; 64.6)
Lumbal Transverse abdominis plane/Shamrock Long LA/IP 4 (1.2%) 18.75±2.2 39.7 (26.6; 50.2)
Sum -- -- -- 322 -- --

LA: longitudinal axis of the nerve structure; SAX: Short axis of the nerve structure; IP: In plane-view of the needle; OOP: Out of plane-view of the needle

Schöll et al.Emergency Medicine and Health Care  2016 4:2DOI : 10.7243/2052-6229-4-2