Epidemiology Reports

Epidemiology Reports

ISSN 2054-9911
Review

Measles outbreaks in pakistan: causes of the tragedy and future implications

Tariq Khan and Javaria Qazi*

*Correspondence: Javaria Qazi javariaq@yahoo.com

Author Affiliations

Department of Biotechnology, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad-45320, Pakistan.

Abstract

Measles outbreaks have been reported in various parts of the world; however, they have not claimed as many lives as in Pakistan (2012-2013). These outbreaks started in December 2012 in Sindh Province and spread afterwards to the north of country (Punjab province). The outbreaks claimed about 321 lives in the year 2013. This article gives an overview of this epidemic, highlights possible causes and presents suggestions for future implications. This review suggests that the outbreaks mainly stemmed from corruption in the health sector which resulted in an ineffective health care system, shortage of vaccinators and low immunization coverage. Poor disaster management and subsequent widespread malnutrition in children living in the flood affected areas of Sindh, contributed to the transition of local measles outbreaks into a wide spread epidemic in the country.

Keywords: Measles, immunization, health, Pakistan, outbreaks, vaccination

ISSN 2054-9911
Volume 2
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