2. Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching Hospital, Nnewi, Nigeria.
3. Department of Family Medicine, Imo State University Teaching Hospital, Orlu, Imo State, Nigeria.
Background: Surgical site infection (SSI) is the commonest hospital acquired infection in surgical patients globally. It has remained a major cause of morbidity and mortality and a major source of worry to both the patients, doctors, hospitals and the community as a whole.
Aim: To determine the role of premorbid status, wound class and cadre of surgeons on the prevalence rate of surgical site infections.
Materials and methods: This was a cross-sectional study involving 200 randomly recruited surgical patients between April and June 2012 at Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching Hospital, Nnewi. Pre-tested, interviewer administered questionnaires and laboratory test results were used to collect data, which were analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences, version 16.
Results: The prevalence of surgical site infection was 15.5% (or 31 of 200) among the participants. Premorbid status, as well as, wound class, of the patients affected the rate of SSI (p=0.007) and (p=0.009), respectively. However, the wound location did not show any significant effect on the prevalence of SSI.
Conclusion: The study found a high prevalence of SSI which was dependent on the class of wound, and premorbid status of the patient.
Keywords: Surgical site infection, wound class, nosocomial infection, premorbid status