Table 4 : Evolution of biochemical variables during the intervention, baseline data (t0) versus 21 days of
diet data (t21). All the values marked with "*" showed significant changes or improvements from their
pre-intervention values.


Variable t0
Mean (SD)
min-max value
t21
Mean (SD)
min-max value
% of
change
p value

Glucose, mmol/L 11.47 (4.91) 5.2-22.4 6.07 (1.42) 3.8-10.7 -47* 0.000
Fructosamine, mol/L 435.0 (130.6) 244-723 319.0 (65.64) 228-502 -26.6* 0.000
HbA1c, % 9.19 ( 2.36) 5.6-13.7 8.69 (1.53) 6.5-11.7 -5.4 0.078
Fasting serum insulin, µIu/mL 15.83 (17.26) 2.9-70.1 11.63 (12.65) 2.2-55.8 -26.5* 0.030
C-Peptide, pmol/L 275.9 (138.8) 86-546 178 (77.8) 59-338 -35.5* 0.001
Total cholesterol, mol/L 3.92 (1.13) 2.4-6.03 4.42 ( 0.89) 2.55-6.13 +12.75* 0.044
LDL-C, mmol/L 2.39 (1.0) 1.18-5.14 2.59 (1.0) 0.34-4.84 +8.36 0.331
HDL-C, mmol/L 1.06 (0.30) 0.6-2.1 1.32 (0.28) 0.91-2.02 +24.52* 0.001
LDL-C/HDL-C 2.45 (1.57) 1.18-8.57 2.13 (1.12) 0.19-5.32 -13.26 0.189
Triglycerides, mmol/L 1.03 (0.53) 0.37-2.1 1.13 (0.54) 0.63-2.44 +9.7 0.602
Hemoglobin, g/dl 13.41 (2.07) 7.7-16.7 13.37 (1.83) 9.8-16.3 -0.29 0.900
Hematocrit, % 40.57 (5.71) 23.8-48.9 42.33 (5.18) 33.7-50.7 +4.3 0.086
MCV, fL 87.2 (6.53) 72.8-98.4 93.2 (7.07) 77.4-103.8 6.9* 0.000
MCH, pg/cell 28.69 (2.33) 22.6-32.4 29.31 (2.35) 22.8-33.1 +2.16* 0.000
MCHC, g/dL 32.96 (1.25) 31.2-36.7 31.5 (1.3) 28.5-35 -4.43* 0.000
Serum Fe, µmol/L 13.37 (6.1) 4.5-30.4 14.38 (5.56) 7.6-30.2 +7.5 0.318
Leukocytes, 103/mm3 7.49 (2.77) 3.2-13.4 6.03 (2.02) 3.1-11.9 -19.49* 0.014
Platelets, 109/L 275 (119) 78-665 249 ( 113) 50-648 -9.45 0.276
Folate, nmol/L 20.33 (11.05) 6.1-45.4 20.53 ( 9.6) 7-45.4 +0.98 0.906
ALAT, UI/L 17.42 (11.62) 9.1-62.1 20.77 (12.1) 9.1-62.1 +19.23 0.342
ASAT, UI/L 19.46 (14.78) 9.4-73.5 22.16 (14.53) 9.8-73.5 +13.87 0.525
GGT, UI/L 34.98 (22.13) 15.7-102 35.53 (23.77) 13.9-99.7 +1.57 0.913
ALP, UI/L 110.9 ( 48.4) 43.3-242.8 141.8 ( 33.48) 82.9-196 +27.86 0.008
Urea, mmol/L 4.09 ( 1.26) 1.52-6.91 3.15 (0.86) 1.59-5.22 -22.98* 0.003
TP, g/L 64.63 (7.07) 51.2-78 71.04 ( 4.18) 65.6-80 +9.9* 0.000
Albumin, g/L 37.88 (5.1) 27-47 42.27 (3.37) 36-48 +11.59* 0.000
pH urine 5.41 ( 0.72) 5-7.5 5.96 (0.21) 5-6 +10.17* 0.002
SBP, mmHg 130.0 (9.05) 110-150 130 (10.44) 110-160 0 1.000
DBP, mmHg 80.87 (7.93) 70-100 79.13 (7.33) 70-90 -2.15 0.406

SBP: systolic blood pressure; DBP: diastolic blood pressure

Ibrahim et al.Internal Medicine Inside  2014 2:3DOI : 10.7243/2052-6954-2-3