Table 4 : Prevalence of medical history in the patients of HF.


Medical History Male (n=107) Female (n=157) Total (n=264) P value (by chi-square test)

Hypertension 69 (64.5%) 74 (47.1%) 143 (54.2%) 0.005 (OR for male 1.5; 95% CI 1.1-2.1)
Sepsis or clinically relevant infection 23 (21.7%) 53 (33.8%) 76 (28.9%) 0.034 (OR for female 1.3; 95% CI 1.0-1.5)
Atrial fibrillation 30 (28.3%) 26 (16.6%) 56 (21.3%) 0.023 (OR for male 1.5; 95% CI 1.1-2.0)
COPD 15 (14.2%) 30 (19.1%) 45 (17.1%) 0.295
Diabetes 11 (10.4%) 28 (17.8%) 39 (14.8%) 0.095
Prior MI 17 (16%) 13 (8.3%) 30 (11.4%) 0.052 (OR for male 1.5; 95% CI 1.0-2.1)
Smoker 73 (68.2%) 105 (66.9%) 178 (67.4%) 0.819

Alcohol consumption

Significant alcohol consumption 20 (18.7%) 18 (11.5%) 38 (14.4%) --
Non-significant alcohol consumption 36 (33.6%) 44 (28%) 80 (30.3%) 0.088
Teetotaler 51 (47.7%) 95 (60.5%) 146 (55.3%) --

Shrestha et al.Internal Medicine Inside  2015 3:1DOI : 10.7243/2052-6954-3-1