Table 1 : CSF-cutaneous fistula literature: summary of reports and diagnostic and treatment approaches.


Reference Inciting Event Needle/Catheter Size Multiple attempt? Duration of
catheter stay (day)
Diagnostic testing Antibiotics PDPH EBP Cutaneous stitch

[23] Epidural (labor) INAA Yes 0 Yes None Yes No No
[10] IT catheter (labor) INAA No INAA None None Yes No No
[5] IT catheter (surgical anesthesia) 17G/20G No <1 Yes None Yes No Yes
[6] IT catheter baclofen
pump
14G/1.6mm No 8 None None No Yes No
[7] IT catheter baclofen
pump
14G INAA 30 None None None Yes No
[3] Lumbar drain 14G INAA 5 No None PDPH Yes No
[4] Lumbar drain 14G/16G INAA 3 Yes None No Yes No
[4] Lumbar drain 14G/16G INAA 9 Yes None No Yes Yes
[11] Lumbar drain INAA No 3 No None Yes Yes No
[8] IT catheter pain pump INAA INAA INAA INAA INAA INAA Yes No
[7] Lumbar shunt INAA INAA 125 No None Yes Yes No
[9] Omaya reservoir 2.1mm Yes 28 No None No Yes Yes
[21] Epidural steroid
injection
INAA Yes 0 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
[22] Epidural steroid
injection
17G Yes 0 no Yes No Yes No
[12] Lumbar punctures for chemotherapy 22G yes 0 no None no yes No
[2] laminectomy INAA INAA 0 Yes INAA Yes Yes No
[1] laminectomy INAA INAA 0 INAA INAA yes yes No

Wang et al.Journal of Anesthesiology and Clinical Science  2014 3:2DOI : 10.7243/2049-9752-3-2