Table 1 : Baseline characteristics (N=250).


Characteristics Values

Agea, years (mean ± S.D.) 66.5 ± 10.9
Genderb, n (%)  
Male 127 (51)
Female 122 (49)
Body weightc, kg (mean ± S.D.) 79.6 ± 13.2
Abdominal circumferenced, cm (mean ± S.D.) 101 ± 14.2
BMIc, kg/m2 (mean ± S.D.) 29.9 ± 4.8
Disease evolutione, years (mean ± S.D.) 10.6 ± 7.4
Fasting blood glucose, mmol/l (mean ± S.D.) 11.1 ± 3.5
HbA1c, % (mean ± S.D.) 9.2 ± 1.4
Comorbidities*, n (%)  
Dyslipidemia 174 (69.3)
Hypertension 173 (68.9)
Abdominal obesity 138 (55)
Smoker 35 (14.6)
Diabetes complications*, n (%)  
Microalbuminuria 89 (35.5)
Macroalbuminuria 15 (6.0)
Retinopathy 45 (17.9)
Neuropathy 19 (7.6)
Myocardial infarction 14 (5.6)
Angina 16 (6.4)
Unstable angina 3 (1.2)
Heart failure 11 (4.4)
Cerebrovascular accident 10 (4.0)
Transient ischemic accident 10 (4.0)
Peripheral vascular disease 39 (15.5)

Missing data: an=5, bn=1, cn=6, dn=61, en=8, fn=10.
*Multiple-choice question. HbA1c, glycated hemoglobin; BMI, body mass index; S.D., standard deviation.

Bellido-Guerrero et al.Journal of Diabetes Research and Clinical Metabolism  2013 2:20DOI : 10.7243/2050-0866-2-20