Table 2a : Patient’s socio-demographic characteristics, by follow-up.


Socio-demographic characteristics Follow-up group

Number of patients N=168 (%) DIAB
N=81 (48.2) 
GP
N=33 (19.6)
C1
N=15 (8.9)
C2
N=39 (23.2)

Male, n (%) 123 (73.2) 55 (67.9) 23 (69.7) 12 (80) 33 (84.6)
Age, median (iqr¹) 62 (12.5) 62 (11) 60 (9) 55 (12) 64 (14)
Place of birth Switzerland 99 (58.9) 48 (59.2) 27 (69.2) 6 (40) 26 (66.7)

Educational level, n (%)          

Primary school
Secondary school
Professional school
High school
Third-level/university
23 (13.7)
31 (18.4)
61 (36.3)
8 (4.8)
45 (26.8)
11 (13.6)
15 (18.5)
30 (37)
6 (7.4)
19 (23.5)
2 (6.1)
9 (27.3)
13 (39.4)
1 (3)
8 (24.2)
3 (20)
6 (40)
2 (13.3)
0
4 (26.7)
7 (17.9)
1 (2.6)
16 (41)
1 (2.6)
14 (35.9)

Annual household income*, n (%)                             

< 20.000 CHF        
20.000-30.000 CHF
30.000-50.000 CHF
> 50.000 CHF
I don’t know     
I refuse to answer
11 (6.5)
23 (13.7)
32 (19)
83 (49.4)
14 (8.3)
5 (3)
5 (6.2)
6 (7.4)
14 (17.3)
44 (54.3)
8 (9.9)
4 (4.9)
3 (9.1)
9 (27.3)
7 (21.2)
12 (36.4)
1 (3)
1 (3)
1 (6.7)
5 (33.3)
4 (26.7)
4 (26.7)
1 (6.7)
0
2 (5.1)
3 (7.7)
7 (17.9)
23 (59)
4 (10.3)
0

Job, n (%)          

Student (e)/apprentice
Employee
Unemployed/disability
Retired
Housewife/househusband
0    
58   (34.5)
44   (26.2)
63   (37.5)
3     (18)
0
30 (37)
15 (18.5)
35 (43.2)
1 (1.2)
0
7 (21.2)
16 (48.5)
8 (24.2)
2 (6.1)
0
6 (40)
5 (33.3)
4 (26.7)
0
0
15 (38.5)
8 (20.5)
16 (41)
0

Iqr¹=interquantile range of the median. *Poverty threshold definition according to the definition currently applied in Switzerland:<2200
CHF/month=<26400 CHF/year for a person living alone.


Table 2b : Patient’s parameters related to diabetes or to metabolic syndrome, depressive and anxiety disorders characteristics, by follow-up (N=168).


Parameters related to diabetes or metabolic syndrome characteristics Follow-up group

Number of patients N=168(%) DIAB
N=81(48.2)
GP
N=33(19.6)
C1
N=15(8.9)
C2
N=39(23.2)

Duration of type 2 diabetes Years, median  (iqr¹) 11 (10) 13 (12) 7 (9) 7 (9) 14 (9)

Diabetes and metabolic syndrome management          

Insulin, n (%) 104 (61.9) 56 (69.1) 6 (18.2) 9 (60) 33 (84.6)
Total number of medicines, median (iqr¹) 5 (2) 5 (2) 4 (2) 6 (3) 6 (2)

Diabetes-related complications, median (iqr¹)          

Macrovascular complications
Microvascular complications
Mixed complications (macrovascular and microvascular)
Total vascular complications
0 (1)
1 (2)
0 1 (2)
0 (1)
1 (2)
0 1 (1)
0 (1)
0 (1)
0 1 (1)
0 (1)
1 (3)
0 2 (2)
0 (1)
1 (2)
0 2 (1)
A1C: % (mmol/mol)
median (iqr¹)
7.15 (58)
(1.5)
7.25 (56)
(1.8)
7.1 (54)
(1.2)
7.1 (54)
(1.4)
7 (53)
(1.6)
Systolic arterial pressure, mmHg, median (iqr¹) 132 (22) 131 (22) 133 (22) 133.5 (19) 131.5 (27.5)
Diastolic arterial pressure, mmHg, median (iqr¹) 79  (14) 79 (14) 79.5 (13.5) 82 (8) 78 (16)
Urinary albumin/urinary creatinine ratio mg/mmol, median (iqr¹) 1.4  (5.15) 1.4 (4.4) 1.36 (5.1) 7.3 (10.8) 1.15 (2.5)
Total cholesterol, mg/dl (mmol/l)
median (iqr¹)
170.1 (4.4)
(1.35)
166.3 (4.3)
(1.5)
185.6 (4.8)
(1.5)
150.8 (3.9)
(1.2)
166.3 (4.3)
(1)
LDL-cholesterol, mg/dl (mmol/l)
median (iqr¹)
85.1 (2.2)
(1)
77.3 (2)
(1.1)
98.6 (2.55)
(1.2)
83.1 (2.15)
(1)
83.1 (2.15)
(1)

Depressive and anxiety disorders characteristics

Major depressive disorder, median (iqr¹) 6   (3.6) 1 (1.2) 0 2 (13.3) 3 (7.7)
Minor depressive disorder, median (iqr¹) 20 (11.9) 7 (8.6) 6 (18.2) 2 (13.3) 5 (12.8)
Panic disorder, median (iqr¹) 0   (0) 0 0 0 0
Anxiety disorder other than panic disorder, median (iqr¹) 8(4.8) 2 (2.5) 3 (9.1) 1 (6.7) 2 (5.1)

Iqr¹= interquantile range of the median.


Table 2c : Patient’s diabetes risk perception subscale, by follow-up.


Patient’s diabetes risk perception    

Risk perception subscales   Follow-up group

  N=168(%)
median (iqr)
DIAB N=81(48.2)
median (iqr)
GP N=33(19.6)
median (iqr)
C1 N=15(8.9)
median (iqr)
C2 N=39(23.2)
median (iqr)

Perception of control over diabetes 3.25 (0.5) 3.25 (0.5) 2.25 (0.5) 3 (1) 3.25 (0.5)
Diabetes-related worry 2.5 (1) 2.5 (1) 2.5 (1) 3 (1) 3 (1.5)
Optimistic bias 2 (0.5) 2 (0.5) 2.5 (0.5) 2 (1) 2 (1)
Perception of the risk related to the patient’s disease (range 1-5) 2.44 (0.9) 2.44 (0.9) 2.55 (0.9) 2.77 (0.8) 2.44 (0.9)
Diabetes risk knowledge (range 0-5) 5 (1) 5 (1) 5 (1) 5 (1) 5 (1)
Environment risk perception 1.66 (1) 1.77 (0.8) 1.66 (0.9) 2.33 (1.1) 1.66 (0.7)
Composite risk perception 2.21 (0.6) 2.14 (0.5) 2.26 (0.5) 2.67 (0.2) 2.25 (0.6)

All subscales are in range 1 (min)-4(max) except where noted differently.

Gianinazzi et al.Journal of Diabetes Research and Clinical Metabolism  2017 6:1DOI : 10.7243/2050-0866-6-1