Table 3a: Univariate logistic regression - type of follow-up, sociodemographic characteristics and diabetes risk perception subscales.


*Types of follow-up Diabetes risk perception subscales (coded in two categories: low=0 vs high=1) OR (p)

  Perception of control over diabetes Diabetes-related
worry
Optimistic bias Perception of
the risk related
to the patient’s disease
Diabetes risk knowledge Environment risk perception Composite risk perception

GP 0.71 (0.49) 1.34 (0.48) 1.12 (0.82) 0.90 (0.85) 0.42 (0.15) 1.67 (0.31) 1.31 (0.57)
C1 0.62 (0.47) 6.45 (0.006) *** 3.55 (0.03) 0.38 (0.20) 1.90 (0.33) 14 (<0.0001)
C2 2.72 (0.13) 2.09 (0.06) 1.21 (0.68) 1.40 (0.46) 0.52 (0.27) 0.95 (0.93) 1.75 (0.19)

Socio demographic characteristics Diabetes risk perception subscales OR (p)

Male 0.99  (0.99) 1.19 (0.62) 0.94 (0.88) 1.90 (0.16) 0.78 (0.65) 1.32 (0.56) 1.32 (0.47)
Age 0.95
(0.03)
0.97
(0.04)
1.04
(0.048)
1.02
(0.35)
0.95
(0.05)
0.98
(0.23)
0.98
(0.19)
Place of birth              
Outside of  Switzerland 0.76 (0.49) 2.03 (0.03) 0.77 (0.5) 1 (0.99) 1.26 (0.63) 1.04 (0.91) 1.70 (0.12)

Educational level              

Primary school**
Secondary school
Professional school
High school
Third-level/university

0.88 (0.85)
1.39 (0.62)
***
0.58 (0.40)

0.5 (0.22)
0.37 (0.05)
0.89 (0.89)
0.43 (0.11)

0.53 (0.39)
1.17 (0.78)
***
1.31 (0.66)

0.83 (0.77)
0.84 (0.76)
0.40 (0.44)
0.92 (0.88)

(0.99)
1.16 (0.84)
1.05 (0.97)
0.81 (0.78)

0.86 (0.83)
0.54 (0.33)
0.51 (0.57)
1.16 (0.35)

0.89 (0.85)
0.61 (0.35)
1.12 (0.89)
1.03 (0.95)

Annual household income

< 20.000 CHF**
20.000-30.000 CHF
30.000-50.000 CHF
> 50.000 CHF
I don’t know
I refuse to answer

1.35 (0.72)
0.82 (0.80)
3.51 (0.10)
1.37 (0.73)
1.5   (0.76)

0.44 (0.28)
1.22 (0.78)
0.74 (0.64)
0.83 (0.82)
0.21 (0.22)

1.5 (0.74)
2.8 (0.36)
3.4 (0.26)
4 (0.25)
***

0.74 (0.72)
0.49 (0.4)
0.85 (0.82)
1.48 (0.65)
0.67 (0.76)

1.05 (0.95)
1.2 (0.84)
1.45 (0.66)
***
***

0.12 (0.08)
0.75 (0.71)
0.69 (0.61)
0.73 (0.73)
***

1.17 (0.85)
1.4 (0.66)
1.1 (0.91)
2 (0.42)
0.67 (0.76)

Job              

Student/apprentice
Employee**
Unemployed/disable
Retired
Housewife/-bound

***

0.84 (0.76)
0.51 (1.16)
***

***

0.81 (0.6)
0.57 (0.13)
***

***

0.81 (0.69)
1.45 (0.40)
8.54 (0.09)

***

1.26 (0.64)
1.71 (0.22)
***

***

0.9 (0.88)
0.54 (0.26)
***

***

0.55 (0.26)
0.73 (0.5)
1.73 (0.66)

***

1.06 (0.89)
0.82 (0.62)
***


*DIAB=reference group, ** =reference group, ***=no patients in this group (perfect prediction)


Table 3b : Univariate logistic regression - parameters related to diabetes and metabolic syndrome characteristicsand diabetes risk perception subscales.


Parameters related to diabetes
or metabolic syndrome
characteristics
Diabetes risk perception subscales OR (p)

  Perception of control over diabetes Diabetes- related
worry
Optimistic bias Perception of the risk
related to the patient’s disease
Diabetes risk
knowledge
Environment risk
perception
Composite risk
perception

Duration of type 2 diabetes 0.93 (0.002) 1  (0.8) 0.99 (0.69) 1.05  (0.01) 0.99  (0.95) 1  (0.99) 1.04 (0.03)

Diabetes management              

    Insulin 0.93 (0.86) 1.28 (0.43) 0.71 (0.38) 1.77 (0.15) 0.92 (0.86) 0.82 (0.63) 1.4  (0.33)
    Number of treatments 1.11  (0.35) 1.02  (0.78) 1.03 (0.77) 1.35 (0.008) 0.95 (0.68) 1.03  (0.77) 1.10 (0.3)

Diabetes-related complications

Macrovascular complications
Microvascular complications
Mixed vascular complications
Total vascular complications
1.22 (0.53)
0.82  (0.31)
***
0.95 (0.73)
0.92 (0.71)
1.29 (0.11)
0.54 (0.62)
1.11 (0.35)
1.16 (0.57)
0.88 (0.53)
***
0.96 (0.79)
1.28 (0.33)
1.47 (0.03)
1.67  (0.68)
1.31 (0.04)
0.84 (0.58)
0.99 (0.96)
***
0.96 (0.8)
1.22 (0.48)
1.08 (0.7)
***
1.08 (0.58)
1.3  (0.27)
1.49 (0.02)
1.12 (0.93)
1.32 (0.02)
A1C 1.09 (0.58) 1.17 (0.18) 0.8 (0.17) 0.92 (0.55) 1.03 (0.88) 0.74 (0.1) 1.05 (0.66)
Systolic arterial pressure (mmHg) 0.96 (0.004) 1 (0.80) 1 (0.83) 1.01 (0.22) 1 (0.57) 1 (0.82) 1.02 (0.03)
Diastolic arterial pressure (mmHg) 1.04 (0.08) 1.02 (0.2) 0.98 (0.32) 0.99 (0.49) 1.01 (0.65) 1 (0.97) 1 (0.85)
Urinary albumin/urinary
creatinine ratio
1 (0.66) 1 (0.94) 1 (0.98) 1 (0.07) 1.02 (0.38) 1 (0.77) 1 (0.07)
Total cholesterol 0.95 (0.82) 1.17 (0.32) 0.99 (0.98) 0.64 (0.04) 0.9 (0.63) 0.97 (0.87) 0.93 (0.67)
LDL-cholesterol 0.83 (0.4) 1.5 (0.03) 0.80 (0.34) 0.93 (0.73) 0.92 (0.74) 1.3 (0.24) 1.27(0.21)

*DIAB=reference group, **=reference group, ***=no patients in this group (perfect prediction)


Table 3c : Univariate logistic regression-depressive and anxiety disorders characteristics and diabetes risk perception subscales.


Depressive and anxiety
disorders characteristics
Diabetes risk perception subscales OR (p)

  Perception of control over diabetes Diabetes- related
worry
Optimistic bias Perception of the risk related
to the patient’s disease
Diabetes risk
knowledge
Environment risk
perception
Composite risk
perception

Major depressive disorder *** *** 0.72 (0.77) 0.65 (0.70) *** 0.88 (0.91) 2.3 (0.32)
Minor depressive disorder 2.1  (0.34) 1.4 (0.48) 0.61(0.046) 0.81 (0.72) 0.4 (0.10) *** 0.95 (0.92)
Anxiety disorder other than panic disorder 0.34 (0.15) 8.3 (0.05) *** 1.11 (0.90) 0.43 (0.32) 0.62 (0.66) 7.43 (0.02)

*DIAB=reference group, **=reference group, ***=no patients in this group (perfect prediction)

Gianinazzi et al.Journal of Diabetes Research and Clinical Metabolism  2017 6:1DOI : 10.7243/2050-0866-6-1