Journal of Diabetes Research & Clinical Metabolism

Journal of Diabetes Research & Clinical
Metabolism

ISSN 2050-0866
Original Research

Diabetes-related complications and practices of foot inspections: NHANES 2009-2010

Judith Aponte

Correspondence: Judith Aponte jap@hunter.cuny.edu

Author Affiliations :

Hunter-Bellevue School of Nursing, Hunter College and Graduate Center, City University of New York, New York.


Abstract

Objective: The National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey (NHANES) 2009-2010 was utilized to examine risk factor variables of diabetes-related complications and foot inspection practices of health care providers (HCPs) and of people with diabetes among five ethnic groups.

Design: The study design conducted was descriptive using the NHANES 2009-2010 secondary dataset. The sample included individuals 40 years of age and older who self-reported a diabetes diagnosis.

Measurements: The risk factor variables (glycated hemoglobin (A1c), cigarette smoking cigarettes, systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP), triglyceride, low-density lipoprotein (LDL) high-density lipoprotein (HDL), albumin and creatinine levels, and dilated pupil exams) for three diabetes-related complications (cardiovascular disease (CVD), nephropathy, retinopathy), and practices of HCPs and people with diabetes for checking the feet for ulcers were measured..

Results: Chi-squares were compared among five ethnic groups and particular variables showed significant differences in between specific groups using SAS 9.2 ©. The groups with the highest prevalence of risk factors for diabetes-related complications are Non-Hispanic Black followed by Mexican American. This study demonstrates disparities among different ethnic groups with diabetes and the need for continued efforts to increase awareness of the importance of diabetes follow-up care, and of maintaining controlled A1c, blood pressure, lipid, creatinine and albumin levels.

Conclusion: The findings of this study will add to the diabetes literature highlighting current data on A1c, SBP and DBP ranges, triglyceride, LDL, HDL, albumin, and creatinine levels dilated pupil exam, and foot inspection practices of HCPs and people with diabetes.

keywords: diabetes, secondary analysis, NHANES, foot inspections.

ISSN 2050-0866
Volume 1
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