Journal of Diabetes Research & Clinical Metabolism

Journal of Diabetes Research & Clinical
Metabolism

ISSN 2050-0866
Original Research

Regulation of hepatic and mucosal 6-phosphofructo-1-kinase activity by trigonella foenum-graecum linn (fenugreek) seeds of streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats

Nada M. Ali, Mazin A. Zamzami and Samir M. Khoja*

*Correspondence: Samir M. Khoja skhoja@kau.edu.sa

Author Affiliations

Department of Biochemistry, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, 21589, Saudi Arabia.


Abstract

Background: Trigonella foenum-graecum Linn. (fenugreek) can ameliorate hyperglycemia and dyslipidemia, however, the detailed mechanism is unclear. The present study aims to investigate the effect of fenugreek seeds water extract (FSE) on 6-phosphofructo-1-kinase (PFK-1) activity, a key enzyme of glycolysis, in the liver and small intestine of streptozotocin induced diabetic rats and its impact on plasma glucose and lipid concentrations.

Methods: 50 male Wistar rats were used in this study. The rats were divided into five groups with 10 rats in each group: normal control rats (Group1), streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats (Group2), streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats + Fenugreek seeds (0.5g/500 ml water) (Group3), streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats + Fenugreek seeds (1.0g/500 ml water) (Group4), streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats + insulin (Group5). Blood samples were then collected after the period of treatment for the analysis of glucose, total cholesterol, triacylglycerol and insulin concentration. PFK-1 for liver and intestinal mucosa was extracted and assayed.

Results: Diabetic rats showed significantly lower liver and intestinal mucosa PFK-1 activities (both at P<0.05) compared with control rats. Diabetic rats treated with FSE (1.0g / 500 ml water) showed a significant (P<0.0001) increase in the PFK-1 activity of liver and intestinal mucosa by 54% and 75% respectively. The plasma glucose concentrations of diabetic rats treated with 0.5g and 1.0g fenugreek / 500 ml water were significantly (P<0.001) decreased by 32% and 43%. In addition the concentrations of plasma total cholesterol and triacylglycerol were significantly (both at P<0.0001) decreased by 57% and 42%, respectively in rats treated with 1.0g fenugreek / 500 ml water, compared with non-treated diabetic rats.

Conclusions: These results may suggest that the in vivo hypoglycaemic effect of FSE is mediated, at least in part, by the activation of PFK-1 in intestinal and liver cells.

Keywords: Diabetes, fenugreek seeds, glucose, lipids, PFK-1

ISSN 2050-0866
Volume 2
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