Journal of Regenerative Medicine & Tissue Engineering

Journal of Regenerative Medicine & Tissue Engineering

ISSN 2050-1218
Review

Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells for tissue engineered pulmonary valves (TEPV)

Faizal Z. Asumda1* and Victor Lamin2

*Correspondence: Faizal Z. Asumda fza06@fsu.edu

1. University of Science, Arts and Technology, Miami, Florida, USA.

Author Affiliations

2. Department of Internal Medicine II, Division of Cardiology, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna Austria.

Abstract

Heart valve tissue engineering and regeneration represents a novel, and viable alternative treatment modality for valvular heart disease. Tissue-engineered pulmonary valves (TEPV) have been constructed from autologous cells grown on 3D biodegradable scaffolds or decelluarized xeno- or homografts and surgically implanted in animal models. From a translational stand point, constructed valves must maintain regenerative competency in recipients, with minimum risk for stenosis over the long term. Stem cells are an attractive cell source for this proposed solution; candidate cells are expected to maintain robust differentiation and transdifferentiation capacity. Transplanted cells must persist, engraft, and couple electro-mechanically with endogenous tissue. Here, we present a discussion on the clinical applicability of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells in TEPV.

Keywords: Tissue engineered heart valves, stem cells, mesenchymal stem cells, cardiomyoplasty

ISSN 2050-1218
Volume 3
Abstract Download