Figure 1 : The expansion of new multi-channel imaging modalities in brain-mapping studies illustrates the rapid increase of data complexity.

Image modality abbreviations: TSE=turbo spin echo; FLAIR=Fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (magnetic resonance imaging, MRI, pulse sequence); GRE=gradient-echo imaging; T2 Haste=T2-weighted half-Fourier acquisition single-shot turbo spinecho; MP RAGE=magnetization-prepared rapid gradientecho imaging; T2=spin-spin relaxation image magnetization allowing decay before measuring the MR signal by changing the echo time (TE); SWI=Susceptibility weighted imaging; CT=computed tomography; FDG=fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (PET) imaging; FDG Maps=(various) derived volumetric statistical maps; FDD Dyn=dynamic Frequency Domain Decomposition; FDDNP=2-(1-{6-[(2-[fluorine-18] fluoroethyl)(methyl) amino]-2-naphthyl}-ethylidene)malononitrile. The heterogeneity of these data is used to illustrate the data size, complexity, multiple scales, and source diversity of only one component of contemporary neurodegenerative studies–neuroimaging data.

Ivo D Dinov Journal of Medical Statistics and Informatics  2016 4:3DOI : 10.7243/2053-7662-4-3