Table 1 : Increase of data volume and complexity relative to computational power.

Neuroimaging (annually) Genomics(BP/Yr) Moore’s Law
(transistor counts)
Bandwidth
(Edholm’s Law)
Years
Size Complexity Size Complexity
200 GB 1 10 MB 1 1x105 105 1985-1989
1 TB 2 100 MB 2 1x106 106 1990-1994
50 TB 5 10 GB 3 5x106 108 1995-1999
250 TB 6 1TB 4 1x107 109 2000-2004
1 PB 7 30TB 5 8x106 1010 2005-2009
5 PB 8 1 PB 7 1x109 1011 2010-2014
10+ PB 9 20+ PB 8 1x1011 1013 2015-2019 (estimated)

MB (megabyte)=106, GB (gigabyte)=109, TB (terabyte)=1012, PB (petabyte)=1015, BP=base pairs Complexity=measure of
data heterogeneity (e.g., new imaging data acquisition modalities or sequence coverage depth; complexity of 5 indicates a
5-fold increase of the data diversity over 1985).

Ivo D Dinov Journal of Medical Statistics and Informatics  2016 4:3DOI : 10.7243/2053-7662-4-3