Table 2 : Baseline Characteristics: Lifestyle.


Characteristics Intervention group (n=100) Control group
(n=101)
RDA1 P-value

Nutrition (mean ± SD)        

Energy (Kcal) 2114.9 ± 496.9 2457.5 ± 966.1 2127.52 0.002
Protein (g) 68.1 ± 22.2 84.8 ± 44.8 57.1 0.001
Fat (g) 81.7 ± 32.4 101.2 ± 49.9 65.6 0.002
Carbohydrate (g) 266.5 ± 70.8 288.8 ± 123.1 276.1 0.124
Vitamin A (µg) 1974.8 ± 1255.4 2907.1 ± 4381.3 800.0 0.044
ß-Carotene (mg) 10.6 ± 7.6 9.6 ± 5.6 8.0 0.321
Vitamin C(mg) 143.2 ± 100.2 159.8 ± 128.1 100.0 0.318
Vitamin E (mg) 11.8 ± 5.2 17.9 ± 14.1 12.0 0.001
Calcium (mg) 479.5 ± 253.5 482.2 ± 221.8 1000.0 0.939
Zinc (mg) 8.8 ± 3.2 9.9 ± 5.2 12.0 0.064
Iron (mg) 12.2 ± 4.0 14.2 ± 5.8 15.0 0.005

Alcohol intake n (%)        

Yes 41 (41) 45 (44.6) - -
No 53 (53) 27 (26.7) - -
No response 6 (6) 29 (28.7) - -

Smoked in the past n (%)        

Yes 9 (9) 7 (6.9) - -
No 79 (79) 69 (68.3) - -
No response 12 (12) 25 (24.8) - -

Physical activity in the past n (%)        

Yes 68 (68) 61 (60.4) - -
No 20 (20) 8 (7.9) - -
No response 12 (12) 32 (31.7) - -

BMI (kg/m2) n (%)        

<18.5 2 (2) 2 (1.9) - -
18.5 - 24.9 40 (40) 44 (43.5) - -
25 - 29.9 39 (39) 34 (33.6) - -
>30 19 (19) 21 (20.8) - -

Albumin (g/dl) n (%)        

< 3.5g/dl 96 (96) 63 (62.4) - -
≥ 3.5g/dl 4 (4) 38 (37.6) - -

1RDA required daily allowance, (SD) standard deviation
2Energy value for HIV positive patients increase by 10% compared to HIV negatives,
thus (1934.1+193.4=2127.5 (RDA)).
Statistical estimates were based on ANCOVA and a Chi-square test.

Nkengfack et al.Global Epidemic Obesity  2013 1:5DOI : 10.7243/2052-5966-1-5