Table 1 : Unadjusted odds ratios for overweight and obesity in 25 to 64 years population in Benin in
2008: univariate analysis.


Characteristics Total N (%) Overweight or Obesity % OR P

    Overweight Obese Overweight P Obese P  

Gender               0.0000

Male 3420(50.49) 15.97 3.63 1 -- 1 --  
Female 3353(49.51) 22.48 10.74 1.68 0.000 3.55 0.000  

Age group               0.0000

25-34 2130(31.45) 16.19 4.50 1 -- 1 --  
35-44 1640(24.21) 21.34 7.77 1.48 0.002 1.94 0.000  
45-54 1151(16.99) 20.40 10.36 1.45 0.007 2.65 0.000  
55-64 1852(27.34) 20.13 7.87 1.38 0.008 1.92 0.001  

Educational level               0.0000

Illiterate 4224(62.37) 18.14 6.63 1 -- 1 --  
Primary level 1725(25.47) 21.02 7.51 1.22 0.063 1.19 0.258  
High school/University 824(12.17) 24.50 12.37 1.64 0.000 2.23 0.000  

Occupation               0.0023

Civil servant 219(3.23) 30.56 11.85 1 -- 1 --  
Private Employee 259(3.82) 24.93 8.50 0.70 0.298 0.61 0.315  
Independent 5329(78.68) 18.67 7.20 0.47 0.001 0.47 0.021  
Apprentice 21(0.31) 31.13 3.94 0.90 0.877 0.29 0.116  
Student 97(1.43) 12.21 2.68 0.26 0.017 0.15 0.051  
Housewife 636(9.39) 21.58 6.55 0.56 0.039 0.44 0.039  
Retired 110(1.62) 20.22 13.60 0.57 0.167 0.99 0.998  
Unemployed 49(0.72) 18.83 4.94 0.46 0.219 0.31 0.102  
Other 53(0.78) 5.24 1.50 0.10 0.000 0.07 0.002  

Fruits and vegetables intake               0.3783

Yes 5768(87.57) 19.42 6.99 1 -- 1 --  
No 819(12.43) 19.62 9.04 1.04 0.777 1.34 0.164  

Dwelling               0.0000

Urban 2297(33.91) 26.82 14.52 1.95 0.000 3.24 0.000  
Rural 4476(66.09) 17.83 5.85 1 -- 1 --  

Departments               0.0000

Atacora 566(8.36) 14.71 4.46 1 -- 1 --  
Atlantique 881(13.01) 18.68 7.16 1.42 0.108 1.91 0.127  
Alibori 456(6.73) 21.18 5.17 1.43 0.201 0.78 0.616  
Zou 664(9.80) 18.99 5.65 1.27 0.311 1.00 0.995  
Littoral 565(8.34) 29.14 20.58 3.08 0.000 4.98 0.000  
Mono 339(5.01) 19.68 8.81 0.954 0.886 0.94 0.906  
Oueme 679(10.03) 19.54 8.07 1.82 0.006 2.47 0.038  
Couffo 572(8.45) 19.27 6.19 1.31 0.210 1.39 0.519  
Collines 565(8.34) 18.03 13.40 1.84 0.004 2.33 0.059  
Borgou 684(10.10) 25.73 6.10 1.29 0.352 1.32 0.557  
Plateau 461(6.81) 17.03 5.78 0.92 0.727 0.71 0.463  
Donga 341(5.03) 17.90 5.16 1.02 0.996 0.71 0.460  

Gbary et al.Global Epidemic Obesity  2014 2:3DOI : 10.7243/2052-5966-2-3