Table 2 : Results from the backward walking using GAITRite® mat and PKMAS software.


Backward walking variables Mean (SD) n=58 Range (min-max)

Velocity (sec) 46.6 (19.87) 8.45-89.99
Cadence (steps/min) 101.82 (16.81) 66.16-154.94
Stance time (sec) 0.88 (0.16) 0.55-1.42
Swing time (sec) 0.33 (0.06) 0.21-0.05
Double support (%) 44.64 (7.84) 31.72-61.31
Single support (%) 27.7 (3.91) 19.38-34.22
Average stride length (cm) 54.8 (21) 11.7-95
Average step length (cm) 27.3 (10.5) 5.8-47.5

SD: Standard deviation

Maritz et al.Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation  2017 4:14DOI : 10.7243/2055-2386-4-14