2. Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgery, University of Montreal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
Background: Modern gait analysis offers a broad variety of biomechanical parameters through which to quantify gait. However, no consensus has yet been established with regards to which biomechanical parameters are most relevant to evaluate during gait analysis in the healthy population.
Purpose: The purpose of the current systematic review was to determine the most relevant biomechanical parameters for gait analysis in the healthy adult population.
Methods: PubMed, EMBASE and Web of Science databases were searched. Two independent reviewers participated in the article selection and attributed a Level of Evidence score to each article to account for quality based on participant selection, intervention and analysis. A score combining both frequency and number of articles was calculated. Correlations were carried out between the Level of Evidence score, Journal Impact Factor and the frequency of biomechanical parameters.
Results: Spatio-temporal parameters were found to be the most often measured biomechanical parameters and reported by the greatest number of articles; walking velocity, cadence and step/stride length appearing to be the most relevant biomechanical parameters for gait analysis in the healthy adult population. No correlation was found between Level of Evidence score and Journal Impact Factor, nor between the frequency of parameters and Level of Evidence score.
Conclusion: This systematic review provides recommendations for variables to assess in future gait evaluations in healthy adults.
Keywords: Gait, biomechanics, gait analysis, healthy, adult