2. Department of Physical Therapy, San Gorgonio Memorial Hospital, 600 N Highland Springs Ave, Banning, California 92220, USA.
Background: This case report describes changes in postural stability in a patient with sensory processing disorder (SPD) after participating in a vestibular rehabilitation therapy (VRT) program.
Case Presentation: The patient was an 8-year-old male with SPD. Results of the computerized dynamic posturography (CDP) testing suggested vestibular system impairments and postural instability. A specific type of VRT called gaze stability exercises were prescribed as a home exercise program (HEP) and performed for 3 months.
Discussion: Because vestibular system impairments were identified, the patient was evaluated by a physical therapist that specialized in vestibular rehabilitation. Because SPD often includes attention deficits, the HEP was modified to improve task attention and ensure correct performance. The patient was assessed and reassessed over a period of 3 months and CDP revealed marked improvements in vestibular system integrity and postural stability.
Conclusion: This case report describes the vestibular system integrity and postural stability improvements in a patient with SPD after a 3 month VRT HEP. VRT can be easily performed at home with parental or caregiver guidance. Based on our findings, further research is warranted.
Keywords: Sensory processing disorder, vestibular rehabilitation, postural stability