Table 1 : Mean (M), Standard Deviations (SD), F-statistics with p-Values and
Effect Sizes (Cohen's d) for Inventories of Time Perspective, Prospective Time
Reproduction, Prospective Time Production and Retrospective Time Estimation.


                      Group      
  Anxiety Control F p Cohen's d
M (SD) M (SD)
S-ZTPI          

Past Negative 2.81 (0.69) 2.35 (0.53) 8.03 0.01 0.78
Past Positive 3.67 (0.54) 3.61 (0.65) 0.12 0.73 0.10
Present Fatalistic 2.60 (0.42) 2.36 (0.58) 2.59 0.11 0.44
Present Hedonistic 3.06 (0.54) 3.07 (0.53) 0.00 0.96 0.01
Future Negative 3.24 (0.45) 2.92 (0.41) 7.54 0.01 0.76
Future Positive 3.51 (0.52) 3.61 (0.57) 0.41 0.52 0.18

Prospective time reproduction

4 seconds 0.93 (0.17) 0.88 (0.16) 1.66 0.20 0.35
8 seconds 0.97 (0.11) 0.98 (0.11) 0.05 0.82 0.06
24 seconds 0.92 (0.14) 0.98 (0.13) 2.54 0.12 0.44
32 seconds 0.95 (0.08) 0.93 (0.11) 0.44 0.51 0.18

Prospective time production

2 minutes 0.94 (0.35) 0.90 (0.30) 0.15 0.70 0.11

Retrospective time estimation

17 minutes 1.03 (0.34) 1.02 (0.36) 0.00 0.98 0.01

Åström et al.Journal of Integrative Psychology and Therapeutics  2014 2:3DOI : 10.7243/2054-4723-2-3