Pulmonology and Respiratory Research

Pulmonology and Respiratory Research

ISSN 2053-6739
Case report

Acute and chronic changes in massive barium sulfate aspiration in an infant who subsequently was diagnosed with severe gastro-esophageal reflux

Umit Gultekin1, Sevgi Pekcan2* and Necdet Poyraz3

*Correspondence: Sevgi Pekcan sevgipekcan@yahoo.com

2. Department of Pediatric Pulmonology, Necmettin Erbakan University, Meram Medicine Faculty, Konya, Turkey.

Author Affiliations

1. Department of Pediatrics, Necmettin Erbakan University, Meram Medicine Faculty, Konya, Turkey.

3.Department of Radiology, Necmettin Erbakan University, Meram Medicine Faculty, Konya, Turkey.


The barium is often used in radiocontrast examinations of the digestive system because of mucosal absorption is limited. Massive barium aspiration is a rare complication, especially when there is no anatomic or neurological deficit. The depending on barium concentration can cause various lung effects. When the literature is reviewed, barium aspiration may be asymptomatic or lethal in massive amounts. Rarely, large amounts of barium sulphate are aspirated into the lung, there is no literature study how often this is happening. We present a case of massive barium aspiration in this subject. The case is related to a patient’s diagnostic esophagography who complaints swallowing problems. The massive barium aspiration couldn’t notice because of the absence of acute symptoms and surgical operation of gastrointestinal tract which the patient had undergone previously. When the patient applied our Pediatric Chest Diseases Polyclinic after three months, as a result of the examinations and deep research it was understood that the case was about massive barium aspiration. The patient was directed to our center because there was a radiological appearance of bone density signs on chest x-ray.Such a complaint was not reported by the family neighter in his biography, nor was written in the epicrisis. We will share acute and chronic changes in the lungs, diagnosis and treatment approaches of this case. The infant who has ileostomy was previously operated because of necrotizing enterocolitis. And also still has severe gastro-esophageal reflux and under conservative and medical treatment, a possible fundoplication surgery is planning.

Keywords: Barium aspiration, severe gastro-esophageal reflux, infant

ISSN 2053-6739
Volume 5
Abstract Download