Table 3 : Across donor summary: mean total absorption, surface wash and skin content (mean±SE (standard error) as percent applied dose, n=2).


  Total absorption (μg) Total absorption (%) Surface wash (µg) Surface wash (%) Skin content (μg) Skin content (%)

Tramadol in Lipoderm 277.10±11.39 100.40±3.24 9.86±0.15 3.65±0.14 2.97±0.28 1.09±0.07
Tramadol in PLO 333.70±43.09 90.28±14.70 39.66±54.79 10.45±14.42 <LOD <LOD

Phan et al.Veterinary Medicine and Animal Sciences  2015 3:3DOI : 10.7243/2054-3425-3-3