Table 3 : Comparisons between explanatory variables (risk factors) for the probability of
dogs having diabetes mellitus (DM) and the odds ratios from the final model for the DM.

Risk factors* Probability of dogs
having DM, %
Odds ratio (95%
confidence
interval)
 P-value
N** Mean±SE†
Body condition score group

 Obese dogs 714 1.6±0.50b 0.7 (0.4-1.2)   0.19
 Overweight dogs 1,967 1.7±0.43b 0.7 (0.5-1.1)   0.17
 Ideal dogs 2,052 2.3±0.53b Reference   --
 Underweight and thin dogs 222 11.7±3.11a 5.6 (3.3-9.8) <0.01

Breed group§

Toy Poodles 453 9.8±2.10a 3.1 (1.9-5.0) <0.01
Miniature Schnauzers 766 5.4±1.15b 1.6 (1.0-2.6)   0.04
Shetland Sheepdogs 513 0.5±0.38d 0.1 (0.0-0.7)   0.01
Others 3,611 3.4±0.46c Reference   --

a-dMeans within a column with different letters differ (P<0.05).
*Year effect was not shown because it was not a research purpose.
**The remaining records (5,343-N) were treated as missing values.
†Mean and SE were estimated by a mixed-effects multivariable model.

Koketsu et al.Veterinary Medicine and Animal Sciences  2015 3:5DOI : 10.7243/2054-3425-3-5