Veterinary Medicine and
Animal Sciences

Veterinary Medicine and Animal Sciences

ISSN 2054-3425
Original Research

Prevalence and risk perception of adult-stage parasites in slaughtered food animals (cattle, sheep and goat) among local meat personnel in Ipata abattoir, Ilorin, Nigeria

Paul O. Odeniran1*, Henry O. Jegede2† and Thomas O.S. Adewoga3†

*Correspondence: Paul O. Odeniran drpaulekode@gmail.com

1. Department of Veterinary Microbiology and Parasitology, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria.

Author Affiliations

†These authors contributed equally to this work.

2. Veterinary Teaching Hospital, University of Ilorin, Ilorin, Nigeria.

3. Department of Biology, Tai Solarin University of Education, Nigeria.

Abstract

Identification of fresh adult-stage parasites was used to study and determine the basic knowledge of local meat handlers on awareness and risk perception of parasites they are conversant with in Ipata abattoir, Ilorin. The prevalence of these parasites found in fresh slaughtered food animals include Fasciola gigantica (11.24%), Paramphistomum cervi (12.16%), Moniezia expansa (2.76%), Moniezia benedeni (3.86%), Haemonchus placei (10.19%), Haemonchus contortus (4.93%), Ascaris vitulorum (2.54%), Strongyloides papillosus (0.36%), Dictyocaulusfilaria (0.07%), Dictyocaulus viviparous (0.09%), Trichuris ovis (0.07%), Trichuris globulosa (0.09%), Dicrocoelium hospes (0.26%) and Dicrocoelium dendriticum (0.15%). The overall prevalence is 36.04%, and the 'importance index' of parasites across the species shows significant difference of P<0.001. Apart from Fasciola gigantica with 16.24% perception, the overall risk perception of 1.91% indicated poor awareness and inability of health workers to convince the unskilled meat personnel. There is significant difference P<0.05 between adult-stage parasites prevalence and risk perception among local meat handlers.

Keywords: Risk perception, prevalence, parasites, meat personnel

ISSN 2054-3425
Volume 4
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