Table 1 : Background data of women screened for BV during early pregnancy
and the presence of positive urine cultures.


  BV positive Normal flora Significant

Mean age (year) 28.5 30.2 p<0.05
Nullipara (%) 58.8 41.2 p<0.05

      Odds ratio

GBS in urine (%)
>100 CFU/ml
5.4 8.2 0.64 (CI 0.40-1.04)
GBS in urine (%)
>100 000 CFU/ml
0.9 1.7 0.51 (CI 0.16-1.62)
Other bacteria (%)
>100 000 CFU/ml
4.6 3.5 1.3 (CI 0.80-2.2)

Larsson et al.Gynecology  2013 1:6DOI : 10.7243/2052-6210-1-6