2. Department of Medical and Pediatric Sciences, Internal Medicine Division, University of Catania, Catania, Italy.
3. Department of Biomedical and Biotechnological Sciences, Physiology Section, School of Medicine, University of Catania, Catania, Italy.
The purpose of this brief narrative review is to highlight the role of nutrition during the gestation period. We focused on the possible effects of imbalance of some nutrients in normal course of pregnancy and embryonic development. We discussed about changes in nutritional and/or hormonal embryonic microenvironment, which represent the basis of a phenomenon known as "fetal programming". We strongly believe that the understanding of these events can be a valuable tool in order to prevent the onset of disorders and diseases in postnatal life.
Keywords: Infant feeding, malnutrition, nutritional support, nutritional surveillance, pregnancy