Table 2 : Summary of all registered complications. Data are numbers and percentages.
Note that "infection" incorporates a specific, wide, definition. No infection secondary
to the epidural occured during the study. See text and Figure 3 for further discussion.


  Early complications
(≤7 days)
Late complications
(8-30 days)
Overall

Complication Frequency % Frequency % Frequency %

Infection 38 15.9% 70 29.3% 108 45.2%
Wound dehiscence 6 2.5% 21 8.8% 27 11.3%
Hematoma/bleeding 12 5.0% 1 0.4% 13 5.4%
Cardiac complications 2 0.8% 8 3.3% 10 4.2%
Management issue 3 1.3% 7 2.9% 10 4.2%
Urinary retention 6 2.5% 4 1.7% 10 4.2%
Bowel necrosis/ischaemia 7 2.9% 2 0.8% 9 3.8%
Anastomotic dehiscence 4 1.7% 5 2.1% 9 3.8%
Ileus 3 1.3% 5 2.1% 8 3.3%
Iatrogenic 4 1.7% 4 1.7% 8 3.3%
Embolus/thrombus 1 0.4% 2 0.8% 3 1.3%
Shock/Sepsis 2 0.8% 1 0.4% 3 1.3%
Fever/sepsis 1 0.4% 2 0.8% 3 1.3%
Fistula 0 0.0% 2 0.8% 2 0.8%
Delirium 1 0.4% 1 0.4% 2 0.8%
Others 7 2.9% 7 2.9% 14 5.9%

Koolwijk et al.Journal of Anesthesiology and Clinical Science  2013 2:27DOI : 10.7243/2049-9752-2-27