Journal of Cancer Therapeutics & Research

Journal of Cancer Therapeutics & Research

ISSN 2049-7962

Apoptosis , Angiogenesis and Cancer Therapies

Manjul Tiwari

Correspondence: Manjul Tiwari

Author Affiliations :

Department of Oral Pathology and Microbiology, School of Dental Sciences, Sharda University, Greater Noida, India.


Angiogenesis, the growth of new blood vessels from the existing vasculature, and is maintained in adult tissues by the balanced presence of both angiogenic inducers and inhibitors in the tissue milieu. When inducers predominate, vascular endothelial cells (VECs) become activated and in this activated VECs, distinct cell signaling pathways are initiated providing the specificity of anti-angiogenic therapies to the tumor vasculature. VEC apoptosis has been well documented in regressing vessels, and it has been shown that, in addition to activating the VECs, some inducers such as vascular endothelial growth factor also up-regulate Fas expression, thus sensitizing the cell to apoptotic stimuli. Endogenous angiogenesis inhibitors, such as thrombospondin-1(TSP-1) and pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF), stimulate signaling cascades within the VECs and also induce the expression of Fas ligand in activated VECs. Therefore, when inhibitors predominate, the apoptotic cascade is initiated ,thus  anti-angiogenic therapies can target the inducer supply or directly target the VECs. Although clinical studies suggest that anti-angiogenic therapies may prove to be most effective when used in combination with traditional therapies [1].

ISSN 2049-7962
Volume 1
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