Table 2 : Odds ratio (and 95% confidence intervals) of having a urinary tract infection or genital infection in the past 12 months, adjusting for age and gender.


  Urinary tract infection
N = 11,578
Vaginitis N= 6,758 Balanitis N = 3,652

Characteristics Odds ratio
(95% CI)
p-value Odds ratio
(95% CI)
p-value Odds ratio
(95% CI)
p-value

T2DM (No DM as reference group) 1.54 (1.34-1.76) <0.0001 1.90 (1.62-2.24) <0.0001 2.27 (1.46-3.53) <0.0001
Age group 50-59 years (age group 0.95 (0.80-1.23) 0.54 0.57 (0.48-0.68) <0.0001 1.00 (0.55-1.82) 0.99
60-69 years 0.90 (0.75-1.08) 0.27 0.31 (0.25-0.38) <0.0001 1.00 (0.55 – 1.81) 0.99
70-79 years 1.08 (0.90-1.32) 0.40 0.24 (0.18-0.32) <0.0001 0.69 (0.33-1.41) 0.31
≥80 years 1.52 (1.21-1.90) <0.0001 0.16 (0.10-0.26) <0.0001 0.98 (0.43-2.24) 0.96
Women (men as
reference group)
4.24 (3.58-5.02) <0.0001 NA - NA -

T2DM = type 2 diabetes mellitus; No DM = no diabetes mellitus; NA = not applicable.

M. Fox et al.Journal of Diabetes Research and Clinical Metabolism  2013 2:5DOI : 10.7243/2050-0866-2-5