Table 1 : General Characteristicsof the Study Population.


Groups Control DM DFU P value

N 26 26 30 --

Age (y)        

Means±SD 56±7a 61±8b 61±9b 0.046
Range 45 - 69 48-73 45-74  

Gender        

Male/female 4/22 13/13 20/10 --

BMI (kg/m2)        

Means±SD 27±6a 33±6b 36±8c 0.000
Range 19.5-41.8 22.9-47.0 20.4-52.5  
Male 28±4 32±6 37±10 0.075
Female 27±6 35±6 35±6 0.001

Weight (lb)        

Means±SD 162±36a 211±40b 244±66c 0.000
Range 118-251 142-286 130-373  
Male 197±22 225±40 263±72 0.064
Female 157±35 197±37 208±32 0.000

Diabetes duration (y)        

Means±SD N/A 6±7a 18±13b 0.000

Note: Different symbols (a,b,c) show differences between groups (p<0.05).
One-way ANOVA used for differences among groups with post hoc Bonferroni's
correction for multiple comparisons. BMI, body mass index; C, non-diabetic
controls; DM, participants with Diabetes mellitusbutwithout foot ulcers;
DFU, participants with DFU.

Spicer et al.Journal of Diabetes Research and Clinical Metabolism  2014 3:2DOI : 10.7243/2050-0866-3-2