2. Jordan Research Institute, Murrieta, CA 92562.
The incidence and prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) are increasing worldwide in the pediatric population. The increase has been attributed to obesity, lack of physical activity, improper diet, and family medical history. Type 2 diabetes mellitus has serious complications for children, including cardiovascular problems, dyslipidemia, hypertension, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, pancreatic problems, pulmonary problems, and renal injury. Unfortunately, T2DM and its complications in the pediatric population remain largely understudied. As such, diabetes researchers, educators, and clinicians are forced to rely on information collected on adults with T2DM which may or may not be applicable to children with T2DM.
Keywords: pediatric diabetes, type 2 diabetes mellitus, diabetes complications, diabetes cardiac complications, diabetes dyslipidemia