2. Faculty of Public Health, Al Quds University of Gaza, Palestine.
Almost all countries are facing obesity endemic, although great variation exists between and within countries. Sedentary lifestyle and high fat (high caloric) diet have increased globally as a result of industrial, urban and mechanic changes of developing countries. Improved economic status promotes the obesity and metabolic syndrome in all age groups particularly young adults. Developing counties became in desperate need for establishing new polices and strategies within regulated and managed programs; in order to encounter factors of highly spread malnutrition displayed by obesity and its consequences like diabetes, CVD and metabolic syndrome. Developed and developing countries have studied the obesity prevalence, showing important statistics as the obesity hugely escalated in all population groups. Obesity and its related non-communicable diseases (NCDs) have new pandemic facts that force the World Health Organization (WHO) to deal with.WHO noticed that obesity and NCDs will affect majorly the developing countries, and the expected numbers of new cases within the next 2 decades will exceed hundreds of millions. This review, discusses the epidemiology of obesity, lifestyle and nutritional transitions, determinants, social and economic impacts, and possible solutions for prevention of obesity in developing countries.
Keywords: Epidemiology, obesity, prevention, non-communicable diseases