2. Student in integrated dental sciences, University of Cuiabá, UNIC, Brazil.
Aim: The aim of this study was to compare the effects of anti-inflammatory (ibuprofen, 600 mg) and analgesic (Acetaminophen, 750 mg) drugs on postoperative pain.
Material and methods: Patients with indications for surgery were selected, and a total of 57 patients, 20 male (35.1%) and 37 female (64.9%) were included in the study. Of these, 26 patients were placed in the acetaminophen group, and 31 were placed in the ibuprofen group. The average age of the patients was 30 years. The following types of surgeries were included in the evaluation: clinical crown lengthening, gingivectomy, pre-prosthetic surgery, labial frenum and frenum lingual. The surgeries were performed by students in a postgraduate training program in periodontics. Subsequent surgery, postoperative period orientations were provided by the researcher, and the medication to be prescribed was selected at random allocation. Both medications were administered for 48-h periods. A visual analogue scale with values ranging from 0 to 10, where 0 represented no pain and 10 represented maximum pain, was provided to the patients, and the patients were asked to rate their pain using this scale each time they took the medication. At the time of the follow-up visit, the patient data were given to the researcher and subsequently tabulated and applied to the statistical analysis (Mann-Whitney, p<0.05).
Results: The results showed no significant difference in pain between medications (p>0.05).
Conclusions: There was no difference in postoperative periodontal surgery pain after the use of anti-inflammatory or analgesic drugs.
Keywords: Ibuprofen, acetaminophen, postoperative, surgery, oral, pain