Table 1. Characteristics of sample.


    Mean (SD) or N (%) Range

Child characteristics (n=310)

Child's age (years) -- 3.9 (1.8) 0.08-6.90

Sex Male 163 (52.6) --
  Female 147 (47.4) --

Birth order 1st 147 (52.69) --
  2nd 82 (29.39) --
  3rd 42 (15.05) --
  4th 5 (1.79) --
  5th 3 (1.08) --

Biological child Yes 308 (99.68) --
  No 1 (0.32) --

Receiving medical care Yes 260 (83.87) --
  No 50 (16.13) --

Receiving other professional support Yes 59 (19.03) --
  No 251 (80.97) --

Family characteristics (n=306)

Mother's age (years) -- 32.6 (5.7) 19-52
Husband or partner's age (years) -- 36.69 (8.96) 21-70
Marital status Married 58 (19.08) --
  Cohab., unmarried 78 (15.79) --
  Divorced 198 (65.13) --

Maternal working status Vocational training 11 (3.59) --
  Working part-time 172 (56.21) --
  Working full-time 73 (23.86) --
  Unemployed 50 (16.34) --

Length of stay in mother-child homes (years) -- 1.477 (1.27) 0-6.08

Receiving Yes 108 (36.12) --
Professional support No 191 (63.88) --

Reason for staying at mother-child
homes (multiple responses)
Domestic violence 176 (57.52) --
Abuse to child by male partner 56 (18.3) --
Other 157 (51.31) --

Fujiwara et al.Paediatrics and Health  2015 3:3DOI : 10.7243/2052-935X-3-3