1. Department of Histology and Embryology, Faculty of Medicine, Charles University, Karlovarska 48, Plzen, Czech Republic, Europe.
2. Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, Charles University, Alej Svobody 80, Plzen, Czech Republic, Europe.
3. Biomedical Centre, Faculty of Medicine in Plzen, Charles University, Plzen, Czech Republic, Europe.
Endometriosis is a physiological state in which endometrial tissue is present outside the uterine cavity. The prevalence rate is estimated to be between 10 to 15% in women in reproductive age and is often associated with infertility. Despite extensive studies, no mechanisms of the endometriosis-connected infertility have been found. Only two types of treatment are currently recommended-either surgery or in vitro fertilization. However, the success of either option is still rather controversial.
Keywords: Endometriosis, infertility, IVF, fertility