2. Program in Physical Therapy, Washington University in St. Louis School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO, USA.
Lumbopelvic rhythm during trunk forward bending and backward return has been widely investigated to have a better understanding of the pattern of trunk motion, as used in research on low back disorders. Considerable differences in the methods used to measure, and approaches used to characterize the lumbopelvic rhythm hinder the integration of findings of those studies for further research in the future. Thus, the purpose of this review was to summarize the methods for kinematic measurement as well as their characterization approaches for the lumbopelvic rhythm. PUBMED and CINAHL databases were searched for relevant studies. Several types of instruments were found to be used in the reviewed studies, mostly using markers or sensors, which were placed on different parts of spine, with different definitions to measure the lumbar and pelvic motion. Also, various characterization approaches were found to be used, of which some related to the magnitude, while the others to the timing aspects of lumbopelvic rhythm. Such a characterization was either qualitative or quantitative. In addition, the specified characterization approaches were applied on a sample of trunk kinematics data from our lab to demonstrate differences in the outcomes of these approaches.
Keywords: Low back pain, disability evaluation, torso, pelvis