Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation

Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation

ISSN 2055-2386
Original Research

The blood pressure response to foot reflexology adjunct to transcendental meditation training on postmenopausal hypertension

Ghada Ebrahim El Refaye1* and Hany Farid Eid Morsy Elsisi2

*Correspondence: Ghada Ebrahim El Refaye

1. Department of Physical Therapy for Women’s Health, Faculty of Physical Therapy, Cairo University, Egypt.

Author Affiliations

2. Department of Physical Therapy for Internal Medicine, Faculty of Physical Therapy, Cairo University, Egypt.


Background: Hypertension is the most important risk factor that affects the women in the early postmenopausal years. Reflexology is a noninvasive therapy that performed on the hands, feet, or ears at certain reflex points.

Purpose: To detect the response of blood pressure to the foot reflexology and the transcendental meditation training on hypertensive postmenopausal women.

Subjects and Methods: Fifty volunteers, postmenopausal women that had been diagnosed clinically as hypertensive, their age was ranged between (50-65) years, their body mass index (BMI) was <30 kg/m² and their blood pressure was ranged between (140/90) mmHg and (180/110) mmHg. They were randomly assigned into two equal groups in number (A and B). The Participants in the group (A) received the foot reflexology in addition to the transcendental meditation training techniques, while the group (B) received the transcendental meditation training technique only. The treatment program were done three times per week for 8 weeks. Assessment of all subjects in both groups (A and B) were carried out before and after the treatment program throughout using the mercury column sphygmomanometer.

Results: Both of the groups (A and B) exhibited a significant reduction (P<0.001) of their blood pressure values after the end of the two consecutive months of the training program. However, the participants that had been received the foot reflexology plus transcendental meditation training group (A) exhibited a greater reduction in the blood pressure values.

Conclusion: So, it could be concluded that using the foot reflexology in addition to the transcendental meditation training had the superior and the positive effect on hypertensive postmenopausal women than using the transcendental meditation training only.

Keywords: Reflexology, transcendental meditation, menopause, hypertension

ISSN 2055-2386
Volume 4
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