Table 1: Secondary tourettism.


Infections Von Economo’s encephalitis, CJD, HD
Drugs Stimulants, L-dopa, phenytoin, antipsychotics (tardive tics)
Toxins CO poisoning
Developmental Static encephalopathy, MR
Others Trauma, schizophrenia, phakomatosis, neuroacanthocytosis, degenerative, (subcortical) strokes

Naguy et al.Journal of Psychiatry and Brain Functions  2015 2:2DOI : 10.7243/2055-3447-2-2