Table 1 : Effects of GKB-Aid 1995 fermented soymilk on fetal development.


  Negative control
0 mg/kg
Low dose
1000 mg/kg
Med dose
2000 mg/kg
High dose
3000 mg/kg

Number of fetuses 266 269 250 242
Mean uterus weight (g) 81.8±9.4 79.4±15.0 80.3±26.6 80.6±16.8
Mean weight of fetuses (g) 4.14±0.38 4.18±0.41 4.31±0.44* 4.38±0.41*
Fetus gender ratioa 0.94 0.95 0.97 0.89
Number of corpora lutea 15.0±1.9 15.6±2.3 15.9±2.4 15.3±3.0
Number of implantation sites 13.3±1.5 13.1±2.0 13.4±3.8 13.0±2.6
Number of live fetuses 266 269 250 242
Number of stillbirths 0 0 0 0
Number of resorption fetuses 14 20 17 18
Pre-implantation lossb 10.2±9.0 15.5±9.6 16.0±20.7 14.4±12.0
Post-implantation lossc 4.8±7.0 7.5±9.9 6.8±15.4 7.4±9.7

Data are expressed as mean±SD.
aFetus gender ratio=Number of male rats÷number of female rats.
bPre-implantation loss (%)=(number of corpora lutea-number of implantation sites)÷number of corpora lutea x100%.
cPost-implantation loss (%)=(number of implantation sitesnumber of live fetuses)÷number of implantation sites x100%.
*Significantly different from the negative control group (p<0.05).

Chyau et al.Journal of Toxicology and Health  2017 4:1DOI : 10.7243/2056-3779-4-1