Research Journal of Women's Health

Research Journal of Women's Health

ISSN 2054-9865
Original Research

Comparative assessment of family planning knowledge and attitude of men in urban and rural areas of Anambra state, South-East of Nigeria

Chigozie O. Ifeadike1*, Precious N. Eze1, Uchenna M. Ugwoke1 and Godswill A. Nnaji2

*Correspondence: Chigozie O. Ifeadike gozifeadike@yahoo.com

1. Department of Community Medicine, Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching Hospital, Nnewi, Anambra State, Nigeria.

Author Affiliations

2. Department of Family Medicine, Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching Hospital, Nnewi, Anambra State, Nigeria.

Abstract

Background: Men's involvement in family planning is being seen as important in the enlightenment campaign for family planning especially in the rural areas.

Objectives: This study compared family planning knowledge and attitude among men in urban and rural areas of Anambra state, South-East Nigeria.

Methods: Men aged 19-61 who were sexually active and in a current sexual relationship with women aged 15-49 regardless of marital status were studied using a structured questionnaire. Data was analysed using inferential statistical techniques, i.e., Chi-square and Fishers exact tests. The statistical software used was SPSS version 16 and p-value at <0.05 for significance.

Results: Findings show a high level of knowledge of the meaning of family planning, 98.5% and 92.8% for urban and rural respondents, respectively. The difference is statistically significant (OR=4.952, 95% CI=1.39- 17.51 p<0.05). Similarly, negative response to all artificial family planning cause infertility, 61.9% and 49.5%, for urban and rural population, respectively (OR=1.66, 95% CI=1.10-2.48, p<0.05); family planning is necessary for good health of the family, 91.8% and 81.4% for urban and rural population respectively (OR=2.5, 95% CI=1.35-4.74; p<0.05). Analysis of attitude towards family planning is positive as 96.4% and 76.3% urban and rural respondents, respectively believe that using contraceptive doesn't mean that one is wayward (X2=36.6, Df=2, P-value=0.0; p<0.05); birth control is not a sin, 75.3% and 59.3% for urban and rural populations, respectively (X2=12.24, Df=2, P-value=0.0, p<0.05); and family size has effect on well-being of the family, 85.6% and 69.6% for urban and rural populations, respectively (X2=14.51, Df=2, P-value=0.0; p<0.05).

Conclusion: Although, there is a high level of knowledge and positive attitude to family planning among men in both urban and rural populations studied, the urban men have a significantly higher percentage of knowledge and positive attitude to family planning than their rural counterpart.

Keywords: Family planning, male involvement, knowledge, attitude

ISSN 2054-9865
Volume 2
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